Hypersomnolence and Accidents in Truck Drivers: A Cross-sectional Study

Truck drivers are more likely to suffer severe injury and death due to certain truck driving characteristics. Identifying and preventing factors associated with accidents in this population is important to minimize damage and improve road safety. Excessive daytime sleepiness is a major public health problem, leading to impaired cognitive function, reduced alertness, and increased risk of motor vehicle crashes. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the prevalence and predictors of hypersomnolence (defined as an Epworth Sleepiness Scale score greater than 10) among truck drivers. Three hundred male truck drivers were studied. Quality of sleep was assessed by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and the association between demographic, clinical, and occupational data with excessive sleepiness was analyzed. The mean daily sleep duration was 5.6±1.3 h, and poor quality of sleep was found in 46.3% of the individuals. Hypersomnolence was found in 46% of the drivers and was associated with younger age, snoring, and working >10 h without rest. A positive correlation between hypersomnolence and previous accidents was detected (p=0.005). These results show that sleep deprivation and hypersomnolence are frequent among truck drivers. The treatment of sleep-disordered breathing and the implementation of educational programs, particularly targeting younger drivers and promoting increased awareness of the deleterious effects of sleep loss and work overload, may help to reduce hypersomnolence and accidents among truck drivers.

  • Availability:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Abstract reprinted with permission from Taylor and Francis
  • Authors:
    • de Pinho, Rachel S N
    • da Silva-Junior, Francisco P
    • Bastos, Joao Paulo C
    • Maia, Werllen S
    • de Mello, Marco Tulio
    • de Bruin, Veralice M S
    • de Bruin, Pedro Felipe C
  • Publication Date: 2006

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: pp 963-971
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01052276
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 1 2007 4:08PM