Relationship Between Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and the Course of Whiplash Complaints

This study investigates the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms (avoidance, reexperiencing, and hyperarousal) and the presence, severity, and duration of neck complaints after motor vehicle accidents. Individuals who had been involved in traffic accidents and had initiated compensation claim procedures with a Dutch insurance company were sent questionnaires (Q1) containing complaint-related questions and the Self-Rating Scale for PTSD. Of the 997 questionnaires dispatched, 617 (62%) were returned. Only car accident victims were included in this study (n=240). Complaints were monitored using additional questionnaires administered 6 (Q2) and 12 months (Q3) after the accident. PTSD was related to presence and severity of concurrent post-whiplash syndrome. More specifically, intensity of hyperarousal symptoms related to PTSD at Q1 was found to have predictive validity for persistence and severity of post-whiplash syndrome at 6 and 12 months follow-up. Results are consistent with the idea that PTSD hyperarousal symptoms have a detrimental influence on recovery and severity of whiplash complaints following car accidents.

  • Availability:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Abstract reprinted with permission from Elsevier
  • Authors:
    • Buitenhuis, Jan
    • de Jong, Peter J
    • Jaspers, Jan P C
    • Groothoff, Johan W
  • Publication Date: 2006-11


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: pp 681-689
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01052274
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 1 2007 1:00AM