Strength, Durability and Micro-structural Aspects of High Performance Volcanic Ash Concrete

This paper presents results of investigations to assess the suitability of using volcanic ash (VA) as a cement replacement material to produce high performance concrete. Tests were conducted on concrete mixtures replacing 0-20% by mass of ordinary Portland cement by VA. The performance of high performance VA concrete (HPVAC) mixtures was evaluated by conducting comprehensive series of tests on fresh and hardened properties as well as durability. The mechanical properties were assessed by compressive strength, while durability characteristics were investigated by rapid chloride permeability (RCP), drying shrinkage, mercury intrusion porosimetry, differential scanning calorimetry, and microhardness tests. HPVACs showed better durability properties compared to control concrete with 0% VA. The improved performance of HPVACs was attributed to the refinement of pore structure, and pozzolanic action of VA. HPVAC having a minimum 28-day compressive strength of 60 MPa can be obtained by replacing up to 20% (by mass) of cement by VA. Development of non-expensive and environmentally friendly HPVAC with acceptable strength and durability characteristics (as illustrated in this study) is extremely helpful for the sustainable development and rehabilitation of volcanic disaster areas around the world.

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  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Abstract reprinted with permission from Elsevier
  • Authors:
    • Hossain, Khandakar M Anwar
    • Lachemi, Mohamed
  • Publication Date: 2007-5


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01051348
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 6 2007 10:04PM