Effect of Shrinkage-reducing Admixtures on the Properties of Alkali-activated Slag Mortars and Pastes

The effect of a shrinkage-reducing admixture (SRA) based on polypropylene-glycol on the dimensional stability of waterglass-activated slag mortars was studied. The analysis showed the effect of the admixture on pore structure of the mortars as well as on mineralogical composition and microstructure of the alkali-activated slag pastes. The SRA reduced the shrinkage by up to 85 and 50% when the alkali-activated slag mortar specimens were cured at relative humidities of 99 and 50%, respectively. The mechanism primarily involved in shrinkage reduction is the decrease in surface tension of pore water prompted by the admixture. The SRA also modified the pore structure--under both curing conditions--increasing the percentage of pores with diameters ranging from 1.0 to 0.1 μm. Capillary stress is much lower in these pores than in the smaller capillaries prevailing in mortars prepared without admixtures. Microstructurally, the SRA occasioned a slight increase in the proportion of Si units Q(sup)2 in the CSH gel and a decrease in the percentage of Al replacing the Si in the gel structure. The admixture did not, however, modify mineralogical composition of the pastes. Lastly, SRA admixture retarded the alkaline activation of the slag, more intensely at higher admixture dosages. While the admixture did not significantly alter the degree of reaction in pastes cured for 7 days at RH=99%, the value of this parameter dropped by 7% in the presence of the admixture in pastes cured at 50% relative humidity.

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  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Abstract reprinted with permission from Elsevier
  • Authors:
    • Palacios, M
    • Puertas, F
  • Publication Date: 2007-5

Language

  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01051332
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 5 2007 1:14PM