Little research has been undertaken into the injuries received by occupants of heavy goods vehicles (HGVs). Nationally in 1975 HGV occupant casualties represented only 2 per cent of all vehicle occupant casualties. Of these only a quarter (800 casualties) sustained fatal or serious injury. Thus the numbers of casualties in HGVs are relatively small, but when they do occur they are usually the result of impact between two HGVs or between and HGV and a roadside obstacle. This paper describes the findings of an in-depth investigation into the patterns and causes of injury in a sample of 59 seriously or fatally injured occupants of heavy goods vehicles. All fatal injuries were associated either with massive intrusion of the cab structure or with ejection of the occupants. This pattern of death is differnt from that found amongst unbelted passenger car occupants. A comparison is made between the patterns, causes and mechanisms of injury, more severe than minor, sustained by HGV occupants and by car occupants. Differences were found in the injury patterns and for causes of injury, patricularly in respect of injury to the head, pelvis and lower leg. The data suggest that the wearing of seat belts by the occupants of HGVs might have reduced the severity of injury for about one-third to one-half of the casualties in this small sample. /Author/

  • Corporate Authors:

    Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)

    Wokingham, Berkshire  United Kingdom 
  • Authors:
    • Grattan, E
    • Hobbs, J A
  • Publication Date: 1978


  • English

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00188209
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Lab. Report 854
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS, ATRI
  • Created Date: Mar 28 1979 12:00AM