The response of travel behaviours and transportation patterns to fuel-price increases and legislative constraints

Around October 1973 there was a worldwide "oil shock" as members of the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries manipulated the oil supply/price-setting mechanisms so as to quadruple world oil prices. From early in 1979 disruptions to some exporting of oil caused by the Iranian Revolution raised concern as to the general security of oil supply and the situation of a second "oil shock" was created. In response to these "oil shocks" the New Zealand Government imposed significant legislative conditions to restrain the local use of transportation fuel. New Zealand's private transportation patterns, during the period from 1970 through to the end of 1980, operated within the standard context of ongoing transportation influences but were also subject to Government's response to the "oil shocks". This Paper specifically examines the 1970s for evidence of the extent that established travel behaviours were affected by the dramatic immediate changes surrounding the "oil shocks". This evidence would be of high current relevance given the need to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. (a) For the covering entry of this conference, please see ITRD abstract no. E214666.


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  • Accession Number: 01050538
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: ARRB
  • ISBN: 1877040568
  • Files: ITRD, ATRI
  • Created Date: Jun 4 2007 11:36PM