Reforming Innercity Bus Transportation in a Developing Country: A Passenger-Driven Model

The transportation system in Dhaka, Bangladesh, requires major improvements. The shortage of motorized vehicles and the excessive number of nonmotorized vehicles on city streets have been the cause of unbearable traffic congestion, leading to negative externalities such as productivity loss, increase in stress levels, and adverse health effects from pollution. In a city inhabited by over 12 million people, predominantly representing the middle- and lower-middle class, a well-organized low-cost bus transportation system is yet to emerge to resolve the city’s transportation problems. This study explores ways to improve bus transport services in Dhaka. Eight factors were identified to address satisfaction levels of regular bus users whose opinions and concerns are deemed vital in making bus services in the city better organized, need based, and service oriented. Using factor analysis and multiple regression, 5 of the 8 selected factors were found to have significant effects on passenger satisfaction. These include comfort level, staff behavior, number of buses changed to reach destination, supervision, and waiting facilities. Policy implications are discussed in view of the findings.


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  • Accession Number: 01050472
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 30 2007 11:32AM