Prediction and Analysis of Human Thoracic Impact Responses and Injuries in Cadaver Impacts Using a Full Human Body Finite Element Method

A complete human body finite element model for an average adult man was used to predict and investigate crash injuries and human thoracic dynamic responses associated with side impact collisions, head on collisions, and seat belt loading. Available experimental cadaver data in side and front pendulum impacts, as well as seat belt loading, was compared with predicted responses at various impact speeds in order to validate the model. It was shown that compressibility of the internal organs influenced the overall impact response in the simulated impact conditions, in a significant way. It was also shown that the model displayed speed sensitive impact characteristics. The study indicates that a validated finite element model of the human body can be useful to assess crash injuries. Injuries of internal organs can be more easily identified with a finite element model that has been validated.

  • Availability:
  • Authors:
    • Ruan, Jesse
    • El-Jawahri, Raed
    • Chai, Li
    • Barbat, Saeed
    • Prasad, Priya
  • Conference:
  • Publication Date: 2003-10


  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01050044
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0768013364
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Technical Paper 2003-22-0014
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 11 2007 4:10PM