Synthetic textile fabrics made from polyester, polyamide and polyolefin fibres are available to meet most reinforcement requirements. Selection can be made over a range of constructions to choose material with the correct combination of properties for the job in hand. It is anticipated that durability of the constructions will be good due to the excellent environmental resistance of these materials. Mechanical properties of fabrics and their measurement are discussed. Tensile strength may be measured by the standard strip tests, a plane strain test (recently developed) and the cylinder test. The creep characteristics of certain yarns are discussed. Burst strength and its measurement using the Mullen burst apparatus is described. Tear strength may be measured by many tests such as the Hook test and the British Standard Wing Tear. Soil-fabric friction is also discussed. Resistance to microorganisms and chemicals is highest in the synthetic fibres. However, these fibres have a lower resistance to degradation by sunlight. All the synthetic thermoplastic materials considered for reinforcement are essentially unaffected by the extremes of ambient temperature likely to be encountered. Most synthetic fabrics will support combustion and this may be a relevant factor in certain specialist installations.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Foundation Publications Limited

    7 Ongar Road
    Brentwood CM15 9AU, Essex,   England 
  • Authors:
    • McKeand, E
    • Sissons, C R
  • Publication Date: 1978-10


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References;
  • Pagination: p. 13
  • Serial:
    • Volume: 11
    • Issue Number: 7
    • ISSN: 0017-4653

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00185416
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 14 1979 12:00AM