Both the ultraviolet radiation and the metal spatter arising during many arc-welding processes can result in health effects on welders and at times on their work mates. The ultraviolet radiation causes "arc eye" (or "flash") resulting from exposure of the unprotected eyes and affects many welders at some time during their career. Intense ultraviolet radiation also gives rise to superficial burns ("rayburn") on exposed skin. The spatter causes skin burns and may result in small pieces of metal or slag entering the eyes. During the investigation it was found that welders who had worked for fairly long periods where noise levels were high (e.g. near caulkers) had lost some of their hearing capacity. The two most unexpectd findings, however, were associated with the welders' hands. 11% of those examined suffered from fingers going white or blue in cold weather, associated with numbness, tingling, or pain (Raynauld's Phenomenon), a condition which may be associated with the use of vibratory tools. The second unexpected finding was that of Dupuytren's contracture, a contracture of the deep skin tissues of the palm which results in a permanent retraction of one or more fingers. It was found in 4% of the welders examined. Unsuccessful attempts have been made recently to have these last two added to the schedule of prescribed diseases for Injury Benefit. Order from BSRA as No. 49,279.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Welding Institute

    Abingdon Hall
    Cambridge CB1 6AL,   England 
  • Authors:
    • Ross, D S
  • Publication Date: 1978-5

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: p. 204
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00185311
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: British Ship Research Association
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jan 13 1979 12:00AM