Relating Full-Scale Pavement Rutting to Laboratory Permanent Deformation Testing

The study concerns the full-scale testing of a low-volume road pavement using the heavy vehicle simulator (HVS-Nordic) and the complementary testing of the same materials in the laboratory, especially using a repeated load triaxial test. The objective of the study was to develop an analytical method of calculating the permanent deformations on the basis of the stresses calculated by a finite element program, using input data obtained from laboratory assessments. It was found that the growth of permanent deformation as a function of load repetitions can be estimated using Sweere's Formula, but that an allowance for the stress state needs to be made. This was achieved by allowing a stress dependency in Sweere's parameter b, as a function of the failure ratio q/q and subscript f. It is shown that this can be estimated with a simple linear function according to the HVS and laboratory results. The resilient moduli needed for the finite element calculations were back-calculated from in situ loading tests. Both resilient and permanent deformations proved to be bigger in the HVS tests than those suggested from the laboratory tests.


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  • Accession Number: 01049963
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 20 2007 10:41AM