Modeling of L-Shaped, Precast, Prestressed Concrete Spandrels

This paper presents results of nonlinear finite element (FE) analyses conducted to model the behavior of L-shaped, precast, prestressed concrete spandrels built with open web reinforcement. The FE model was calibrated using experimental results from recent tests of slender, L-shaped, precast, prestressed concrete spandrels. Detailed correlative studies between analytical and experimental results are provided, demonstrating the capability of the FE program to describe the observed experimental behavior. The feasibility of using open web reinforcement in compact, L-shaped, precast, prestressed concrete spandrels to achieve a more construction-friendly reinforcement scheme is also examined. Five different web reinforcement configurations for the compact spandrels were studied in order to evaluate the contribution of closed stirrups to the spandrels' shear-torsion behavior. The behavior, ultimate load-carrying capacity, and mode of failure of both the slender and compact L-shaped precast, prestressed concrete spandrels are presented. For loading values near the ultimate, the out-of-plane bending behavior of compact, L-shaped, precast, prestressed concrete spandrels is strongly influenced by the web-reinforcement configuration. Results from the analysis show that for long-span, compact spandrels, open web reinforcement can be used effectively to resist torsional forces throughout the member.

  • Availability:
  • Authors:
    • Hassan, Tarek
    • Lucier, Gregory
    • Rizkalla, Sami
    • Zia, Paul
  • Publication Date: 2007-3

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 78-92
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01046645
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 12 2007 1:15PM