TRANSPORTATION AND LAND USE PLANNING TO ACHIEVE NATIONAL GOALS: THE NETHERLANDS

The Netherlands is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. The Dutch people have a long history of rigid land use controls; urban sprawl is unknown there. High-rise apartment complexes generally mark the boundary between urban and agricultural land uses. Urban expansion and some decentralization of urban activities since World War II have placed a difficult burden on transportation. The number of passenger automobiles has increased fivefold between 1960 and 1970. Transportation policy goals for the Amsterdam region call for public transportation in the future to accommodate about 60 percent of the journey to work traffic (it now acommodates about 25 percent), bicycle and pedestrian trips will be 30 percent, and the private automobile will account for the remaining 10 percent. To help achieve the latter goal, parking will be provided for no more than 10 percent of central city employees. The key to land use control in the Netherlands is municipal expropriation of land ripe for development. The three-tiered land use planning process (national, provincial, municipal) is described in some detail, as well as the process of land acquisition, the provision of funding, and the installation of public facilities prior to private development. The manner in which highway planning is incorporated into and becomes an integral part of the overall planning process is described. The nature and degree of public participation in highway planning and the method of resolving disputes is discussed. The moderate effectiveness in coordinating highway development and land use activities to minimize adverse effects and enhance beneficial effects of highways is more an indirect result of the intensive overall land use planning process than the result of specific controls for such purposes. The Netherlands system of land use controls might not be as effective if not for the extremely high financial costs involved in preparing sites for construction (draining, removing peat and top soil, sand layering, and installing piles). Moreover, their land use control system does not appear to be politically or institutionally acceptable in the United States at this time. The remarkable success of the Netherlands in controlling a very scarce and valuable resource, land, has probably led to a more stable economic and social system for the country as a whole, but it has not been without some trade-off costs--restrictions of freedom of private land ownership and an almost total constraint on private gains from land value appreciation. /Author/

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: pp 5-9
  • Monograph Title: Transportation development and land use planning
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00184709
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309026873
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Dec 29 1982 12:00AM