IMPLEMENTING TRANSPORTATION POLICY: LESSONS FROM THE INTERSTATE HIGHWAY PROGRAM

Traditionally, state and local governments have responsibility for the implementation of federal highway programs and policies. The effectiveness and outcomes of these programs, therefore, largely depend on the complex relations between federal and state highway agencies and policies that are directly affected by individual differences in state political and socioeconomic conditions. To investigate differences in state highway policy implementation, data on political and economic conditions, highway revenue and expenditures, federal aid, and highway program development were compiled and analyzed. The relations among these variables are examined using factor and path analyses methods. The findings of this research suggest that the implementation of highway policy is weakened by inflexibility and internal contradictions between federal and state policies casused by differences in state and local transportation needs nad categorical federal aid policy. In particular, the Interstate highway program depended on attractive federal aid matching incentives that were not necessarily responsive to or appropriate for state and local transportation requirements. A transportation trust fund that is subdivided into a hierarchy of separate interstate, regional, and urban transportation funds is recommended. The trust funds would promote the integration of the different transportation networks and would permit transportation agencies to draw on these funds as needed to match their individual problems to appropriate solutions, unhindered by categorical or model restrictions. Future policy decisions should include provisions for testing and evaluating results and performance. /Author/

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 31-37
  • Monograph Title: Elements in the transportation planning and programming process in the public forum
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00184707
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309026830
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Dec 29 1978 12:00AM