Selection of effective citizen participation techniques for use in transportation planning is described as a three-part process: (a) identify on the basis of function those techniques that are suitable to the stage in the planning process, (b) eliminate any techniques that require the use of resources beyond those available to the agency, and (c) select the most appropriate remaining technique on the basis of the sociopolitical situation in the community. Each part of the selection process is discussed and applied to 37 participation techniques, including advocacy planning, charrettes, hotlines, and surveys. The 37 techniques are classified as performing the functions of information dissemination, information collection, initiative planning, reactive planning, decision making, and participation process support and are related to appropriate steps in a 19-step analysis of the planning process. Several other functional classifications and analyses of the planning process are briefly discussed. The resources necessary for implementation of techniques are money, time, staff from the agency, expertise, and equipment. Estimates for each type of resource have been gathered from the literature for 37 techniques. Sociopolitical factors are not easily quantified. Factors planners should consider in matching a potential technique to a given community are local interest level, attitude, cohesion, expectations of the community's role in planning, past experience with participation, and median educational level. /Author/

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 11-16
  • Monograph Title: Elements in the transportation planning and programming process in the public forum
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00184702
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309026830
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Dec 29 1978 12:00AM