Factors Influencing Support for Local Transportation Sales Tax Measures

Growth of local transportation sales taxes (LTSTs), most approved in local elections, has led to a gradual shift of the financial base for transportation projects away from user fees and toward broader-based taxes. This study explores the relationship between voter support for LTSTs and the social, political, and geographic characteristics of the voters. Regression models were constructed to analyze this relationship using precinct-level voting data and census demographic data for three local transportation sales tax elections in Sonoma County, California. In addition, the relationship between the outcomes of the three measures was explored to better understand which transportation projects might have garnered more support for the successful measure. Findings show that the closer voters lived to the transportation projects to be funded, the greater their support. Higher incomes were also positively related to support, controlling for other variables. Political leanings were found to affect support, with the direction of the effect dependent upon the project list in each measure’s expenditure plan. At least one of the measures appears to have benefited greatly from its multi-modal expenditure plan. Since this study was limited in scale, it is suggested that similar research in communities throughout the country will provide a deeper understanding of nationwide trends.

  • Availability:
  • Authors:
    • Hannay, Robert
    • Wachs, Martin
  • Publication Date: 2007-1


  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01044705
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 29 2007 8:12PM