Attitudes Associated with Behavioral Predictors of Serious Road Traffic Crashes: Results from the GAZEL Cohort

This study seeks to identify behavioral predictors of serious road traffic crashes (RTC) and patterns of attitudes towards traffic safety. The hypothesis that behavioral predictors of serious RTCs are correlated with unfavorable attitudes towards traffic safety also is examined. A prospective and cross-sectional cohort study was conducted with 13,447 participants drawn from the GAZEL cohort. The GAZEL cohort is made up of workers and recent retirees of a French national utility company that have been followed up since 1989. Questionnaires were used to examine driving behavior and attitudes towards traffic safety in 2001. Serious RTCs were recorded over the subsequent 3 years using the cohort annual questionnaire. Behavioral predictors of serious RTCs were assessed using generalized linear Poisson regression models with time-dependent covariates. Factor scores extracted from the first four attitudinal factors of principal component analysis were saved and then regressed on behavioral predictors as independent variables. Results showed that the best predictors of serious RTCs were: "exceeding speed limits on rural roads", "risky use of cellular phone", and "sleepy driving". The adjusted rate ratio ranged from 1.47 to 2.16. Predictors of contravention of the highway code (the first two predictors) were found to be strongly associated with negative attitudes towards "enforcement" and "speed limitations" with an adjusted odds ratio ranging from 1.31 to 2.02. These findings support the view that individuals with a high propensity for driving behaviors associated with an increased risk of RTCs were more likely to have negative attitudes towards traffic safety. Strengths and limitations of the study and implications for prevention are discussed.

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  • Authors:
    • Nabi, Hermann
    • Salmi, Louis Rachid
    • Lafont, Sylviane
    • Chiron, Mireille
    • Zins, Marie
    • Lagarde, Emmanuel
  • Publication Date: 2007-2

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01044729
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 27 2007 8:19PM