Graduated Driver Licensing Programs and Fatal Crashes of 16-Year-Old Drivers: A National Evaluation

Graduated driver licensing programs are used to reduce crash rates of young drivers, but different states implement graduated licensing programs in varying ways. This article reports on a study undertaken to determine which components of graduated driver licensing programs are associated with the greatest reductions in fatal motor vehicle crashes involving 16-year-old drivers. The authors used data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System and the US Census Bureau to study all 16-year-old drivers involved in fatal crashes in the United States from 1994 through 2004. Graduated driver licensing programs results in reductions of 16% to 21% in fatal crash involvement rates of 16-year-old drivers, compared to states with no graduated licensing programs. These rates occurred with programs that included longer than a 3-month mandatory waiting period, nighttime driving restriction, and either more than 30 hours of supervised driving or passenger restriction. Reductions of 18% to 21% occurred in states with programs that included more than 5 of the 7 components examined. Drivers aged 20 to 24 or 25 to 29 years did not experience significant reductions during this same time period. The authors conclude that graduated drivers licensing programs as a whole are associated with substantial reductions in 16-year-old drivers’ fatal crash involvement rates.

  • Availability:
  • Authors:
    • Chen, Li-Hui
    • Baker, Susan P
    • Li, Guohua
  • Publication Date: 2006-7

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 56-62
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01045337
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 27 2007 7:32PM