How to Decrease Pedestrian Injuries: Conceptual Evolutions Starting from 137 Crash Tests

Researchers and manufacturers understand, through injury assessment, the mechanisms involved in vehicle design that should reduce the severity of pedestrian injuries. The authors discuss a study of 137 crash tests at the Laboratory of Applied Biomechanics with postmortal human subjects performed between 1979 and 2004. They propose full scale or subsystem laboratory impact tests between pedestrians and cars after retrospective analysis. Investigation of injury mechanisms and automobile technological improvements are discussed. Injury mechanism complexity and variety are evident through experimental result analysis. Protection for head, spine, and lower-limb joints is needed due to difficulties surgically repairing these areas. The evolution of automobile safety leading to pedestrian protection can be evaluated through experimental tests. Two main focuses are vehicle material behavior and energy dissipation ability during shocks, and aggressive structure suppression for the pedestrian.

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  • Authors:
    • Thollon, Lionel
    • Jammes, Christian
    • Behr, Michel
    • Arnoux, Pierre-Jean
    • Cavallero, Claude
    • Brunet, Christian
  • Publication Date: 2007-2


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01045381
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 27 2007 2:55PM