Analysis of 2004 German General Aviation Aircraft Accidents According to the HFACS Model

This article reports on a study that used the Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) model to analyze German general aviation aircraft accidents that occurred in 2004. The HFACS is a general human error framework originally developed as a tool for investigating and analyzing the human causes of aviation accidents. The authors sought to determine the underlying causes for the accidents, including pilot errors, organizational factors, ergonomic factors, aeromedical problems, and crew resource management. Accidents included flights of general aviation (GA) aircraft flown by German pilots in Germany and in other countries. The study included 239 GA accidents registered in 2004. Of these accidents, 54 aircraft occupants (35 crewmembers and 19 passengers) survived slightly injured; 35 occupants (23 crewmembers and 13 passengers) were seriously injured, and 34 occupants (21 crewmembers and 13 passengers) were killed. Most accidents happened on summer weekends during approach and landing (53%), due to pilot errors (84%). The authors call for additional training for pilots in approaches and landing, as well as additional research to better delineate the accident data.

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  • Authors:
    • Dambier, Michael
    • Hinkelbein, Jochen
  • Publication Date: 2006-11


  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01045298
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 26 2007 7:57PM