Changes in Safety on England’s Roads: Analysis of Hospital Statistics

This article reports on a descriptive study undertaken to compare trends in the numbers of people with serious traffic injuries according to police statistics and hospital episode statistics (HES) in England. The authors compiled rates of injury and death and their change over time reported in each data source, for 1996 to 2004. According to the first data source, police statistics, rates of people killed or seriously injured on the roads fell consistently from 85.9 per 100,000 in 1996 to 59.4 per 100,000 in 2004. However, over the same time, hospital admission rates for traffic injuries were almost unchanged at 90.0 in 1996 and 91.1 in 2004. Both datasets showed a significant reduction in rates of injury in children aged younger than 15 years, but the reduction in hospital admission rates was substantially less than the reduction shown in the police statistics. The definition of serious injury in police statistics includes every hospital admission; in each year, nonetheless, the number of admissions exceeded the number of injuries reported in the police system. The authors conclude that the reduction seen in police statistics for non-fatal road traffic injuries probably represents a fall in the completeness of reporting of these injuries. The authors briefly discuss how these statistics fit in with government policy in England that aims to reduce traffic injuries and deaths by 2010.

  • Availability:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • BMJ, doi:10.1136/bmj.38883.593831.4F
  • Authors:
    • Gill, Mike
    • Goldacre, Michael J
    • Yeates, David G R
  • Publication Date: 2006-6-23

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 3p
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01045334
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 26 2007 7:10PM