TRAFFIC CONGESTION, TYPE A BEHAVIOR, AND STRESS

A quasi-experimental study was conducted to assess the effects of routine exposure to traffic congestion on the mood, physiology, and task performance of automobile commuters. Traffic congestion was conceptualized as an environmental stressor that impedes one's movement between two or more points. Sixty-one male and 39 female industrial employees were assigned to low-, medium-, or high-impedance groups on the basis of the distance and duration of their commute and were classified as either Type A or Type B on a measure of coronary-prome behavior. As expected, subjective reports of traffic congestion and annoyance were greater among high- and medium-impedance commuters than among low-impedance individuals. Also, commuting distance, commuting time, travel speed, and number of months enroute were significantly correlated with systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Contrary to prediction, medium-impedance As and high-impedance Bs exhibited the highest levels of systolic blood pressure and the lowest levels of frustration tolerance among all experimental groups. The results were discussed in terms of the degree of congruity between commuters' expectancies and experiences of travel constraints. /Author/

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  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Sponsored by the University of California, Irvine, Institut for Transportation Studies. Portions of this paper was presented at the August, 1977, Meeting of the American Psychological Association, San Francisco.
  • Corporate Authors:

    American Psychological Association

    750 First Street, NE
    Washington, DC  USA  20002-4242
  • Authors:
    • STOKOLS, D
    • Novaco, R W
    • Stokols, J
    • Campbell, J
  • Publication Date: 1978-8

Media Info

  • Features: References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 467-480
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00184573
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Safety Council Safety Research Info Serv
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 3 1979 12:00AM