Designing for Flexible Interaction Between Humans and Automation: Delegation Interfaces for Supervisory Control

Flexibility in human-adaptable automation can provide important benefits, including improved situation awareness, more balanced mental workload and improved overall performance. This study develops a method enabling human-like, flexible supervisory control via delegation to automation. The authors review problems with static and adaptive (as opposed to "adaptable") automation; contrast these approaches with human-human task delegation, which can mitigate many of the problems; and revise the concept of a "level of automation" as a pattern of task-based roles and authorizations. It is argued that delegation requires a shared hierarchical task model between supervisor and subordinates, used to delegate tasks at various levels. On the basis of these analyses, the authors propose methods for supporting human-machine delegation interactions that parallel human-human delegation in important respects. An architecture for machine-based delegation systems is developed based on the metaphor of a sports team's "playbook." A prototype implementation of this architecture, along with an accompanying user interface and usage scenario, is described for mission planning for uninhabited air vehicles. This study suggests that delegation offers a viable method for flexible, multilevel human-automation interaction to enhance system performance while maintaining a manageable user workload.

  • Availability:
  • Authors:
    • Miller, Christopher A
    • Parasuraman, Raja
  • Publication Date: 2007-2


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 57-75
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01044696
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 17 2007 10:48PM