Feasibility of Combined Rail–Road Transport System in the Netherlands

Increase in automobile use in the Netherlands leads to discussions about how best to enhance accessibility to major socioeconomic centers by public transport. In addition to the construction of new infrastructure, the Transport Ministry wishes to improve the utilization of existing transport infrastructures. A project was undertaken to determine the feasibility of a combined rail–road transport system so that the vehicle could use both the existing rail and road infrastructures. The research had to demonstrate that such an innovative concept would be technically feasible and financially viable under the existing legal framework and that the technology could be implemented within 5 years. On the basis of an extensive literature survey, expert panel reviews, and dialogues with transport industries, the research team reported that specific examples on trial had been found in several countries, but none in commercial operation. Judicial experts concluded that no legal constraints stand in the way even though existing legislation would limit the maximum capacity to 100 passengers per vehicle. To gain insights into the relative performance of the bimodal system compared with conventional light rail transit (LRT), bus rapid transit, and light train systems, a case study was undertaken. The transport–land use model used in the Rijn–Gouwe Line study was applied to forecast patronage and to evaluate economic viability. Analytical results indicated that the bimodal system would have no advantage over and above those for the proposed LRT. In the absence of commercial experience, it was not possible to give realistic estimates of the development and operating costs.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Web
  • Features: References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 164-175
  • Monograph Title: Joint International Light Rail Conference: A World of Applications and Opportunities, April 9-11, 2006, St. Louis, Missouri
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01044138
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Mar 15 2007 9:19AM