Geosynthetic reinforcement for the reduction of the effects of explosions of internally pressurised buried pipes

Soil reinforcement is a well-established technique for works such as embankments, steep slopes and walls. This paper presents the results of a study on an innovative use of geosynthetic reinforcement for the protection of buried pressurised pipes. The collapse of a pipe inside reinforced and unreinforced sand was simulated in models studies in the laboratory using a large rigid steel tank. Different configurations and types of geosynthetics were tested including woven geotextiles, a geogrid and a metallic reinforcement. The scale of the models in the laboratory was 1:4 and the series of tests involved the simulation of two types of pipe collapse. The first one consisted of a continuous expansion of a cylindrical cavity until failure of the soil mass was achieved and the second consisted of air burst through a longitudinal crack in the pipe. The results obtained showed a significant influence of the presence of the reinforcement on the pressure resisted by the embankment and in reducing the consequences of pipe collapse, depending on reinforcement type and arrangement. The potential use of reinforced embankments to protect pressurised pipes has also been demonstrated. (A) "Reprinted with permission from Elsevier

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01043429
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Mar 6 2007 9:08AM