EFFECTS OF MODERATE LEVELS OF BLOOD ALCOHOL ON RESPONSES TO INFORMATION FROM SIMULATED AUTOMOBILE REAR-SIGNAL SYSTEMS

The experiment investigated the effects of functional separation of brake and turn-signals, and of low levels of alcohol intoxication on a driver's ability to detect and interpret rear-signal information presented on a model automobile in a laboratory setting. Twelve experienced drivers performed the laboratory task for one-hour sessions on five successive days. Three independent variables were examined in a randomized-block factorial design. These consisted of two types of rear-signal systems, one with brake and turn-signals combined under the same lens, the other with brake and turn-signals under separate lenses, four levels of blood alcohol, and six levels of stimulus complexity. Response errors and the latencies between the onset of the stimulus and both the onset of the response and the completion of the response were measured. Results indicated that response variables were not equally sensitive to the task and that performance was significantly affected by model type and stimulus complexity. Performance deteriorated with blood alcohol levels as low as 0.05% on the combined model and 0.08% on the model that separated brake and turn-signal lights. Results are discussed in terms of the stimulus-identification/response-choice components of the task, and in terms of the optimum coding methods for rear signals. /Author/TRRL/

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  • Corporate Authors:

    Pergamon Press, Incorporated

    Maxwell House, Fairview Park
    Elmsford, NY  United States  10523
  • Authors:
    • ATTWOOD, D A
  • Publication Date: 1978-3

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00184225
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Jan 13 1979 12:00AM