Pedestrian All-Terrain Vehicle-Related Injuries in Ohio from 1995 to 2001: Using the Injury Severity Score to Determine Whether Helmets Are a Solution

This article reports on a study undertaken to identify regions in Ohio with severe pediatric all-terrain vehicle–related injuries and to determine whether helmet usage was associated with lower injury severity scores in these children. The authors performed a retrospective review of data for all patients entered into the registries of Ohio’s major pediatric trauma centers between January 1995 and December 2001. A total of 285 children were included in the study; 2 patients died, and 13 required rehabilitation. The mean age was 11.1 years, with 76.1% of patients being male and 88.1% white. Among the 285 injured children, 869 injuries were sustained; 57% of patients sustained multiple injuries. The most commonly injured body parts were the head (22.3%) and lower extremities (12.6%). The most common injuries sustained were fractures (31.4%) and contusions/abrasions (22.2%). Of patients for whom documentation was available (n = 237), 72.2% (n = 171) were not helmeted. There was no significant difference in mean injury severity scores between helmeted and nonhelmeted riders. The authors conclude that, using the injury severity score as an indicator, helmets provided no significant protection for pediatric all-terrain vehicle riders. The data from this study confirm that all-terrain vehicle-related injuries are causing significant morbidity to youths and that these injuries have been increasing steadily in recent years in Ohio, consistent with national trends.

  • Availability:
  • Authors:
    • Gittelman, Michael A
    • Pomerantz, Wendy J
    • Groner, Jonathan I
    • Smith, Gary A
  • Publication Date: 2006


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 2190-2195
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01042689
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 25 2007 8:41PM