The major impacts of expanded paratransit services appear to be: improved mobility for people permanently or temporarily without access to private automobiles or high quality transit service (e.g., elderly or handicapped); reduced total cost of transportation for commuters, taxi users, and other individuals; and reduced congestion or parking requirements at individual employment or activity centers. However, paratransit can be fairly expensive (over $3 per ride in some cases), expecially in low density areas. Fortnately, there are several possible approaches to controlling costs and subsidies. Among these are limiting the coverage and roadways of local fixed-route service, limiting those eligible to use demand-responsible service, providing service on limited days, requiring reservations and using taxis. Others include use instead of service subsidies and marginal-cost fare policies to limit the subsidy without restricting the system to selected users. Shared-ride services can increase productivity of taxi services by 50 to 1000 percent. However, the much greater complexity of shared-ride operations (particularly scheduling which would require use of computers and digital communication equipment) seems to be rather intimidating to taxi operations and there is a reluctance to change to such a system on their part. The most promising opportunities for the near future appear to be: expanding services to the elderly and handicapped and coordinate social service transportation; the use of subscription commuter service; expanding operations through side sharing, formalizing vanpooling, and the use of feeders to line-haul transit.

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 66-69
  • Monograph Title: Paratransit services
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00184203
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Dec 29 1981 12:00AM