Unified Sand Model Based on the Critical State and Generalized Plasticity

Based on the critical state concept and with the use of a state parameter, a unified generalized plasticity model is proposed for sand. The model uses a nonlinear critical state line. The plastic modulus, loading vectors, and plastic flow direction vectors of a generalized plasticity model were modified so that they depend on the state parameter. With a single set of parameters, the model simulates the stress-deformation behavior of sand of different densities and pressure levels, under both drained and undrained conditions. A total of 12 parameters are required for monotonic loading and an additional 5 parameters are included to consider cycling loading. The model is calibrated using the results of a minimum of 2 triaxial compression tests conducted on specimens of different densities and confining pressures. The model has been validated against the monotonic and cyclic test results of Toyoura sand, Nevada sand, and Fuji River sand. The comparison between simulations and test results showed that the model is capable of simulating sophisticated sand behavior. Its limitation in simulating monotonic loading following series of cyclic loadings of dense sand is discussed.

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  • Authors:
    • Ling, Hoe I
    • Yang, Songtao
  • Publication Date: 2006-12


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01042205
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 14 2007 6:36PM