Safety Mega Issue

At the Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) Executive Committee/Senior Staff retreat in April 2004, a recommendation emerged that ITE should consider “Safety” as a Mega Issue. Defining safety as a mega-issue means that ITE will devote a significant element of its annual work program to safety issues. For the first time in the history of the World Health Organization, World Health Day was devoted to road safety. The slogan for the day was "Road Safety is No Accident." The global event was celebrated on 7 April 2004 in Paris, France. The event was hosted by President Jacques Chirac of France, who delivered a powerful keynote speech calling road traffic collisions an "evil, which strikes at the modern world". Road traffic injuries are a major but neglected public health challenge that requires concerted efforts for effective and sustainable prevention. Of all the systems with which people have to deal every day, road traffic systems are the most complex and the most dangerous. Worldwide, an estimated 1.2 million people are killed in road crashes each year and as many as 50 million are injured. Projections indicate that these figures will increase by about 65% over the next 20 years unless there is new commitment to prevention. Nevertheless, the tragedy behind these figures attracts less mass media attention than other, less frequent types of tragedy. In 2003, the fatality rate in the United States per 100 million vehicle miles of travel fell to a new historic low of 1.48. The 1993 rate was 1.75 per 100 million vehicle miles traveled. In 2003, 42,643 people were killed in an estimated 6.3 million police-reported crashes; almost 2.9 million people were injured and over 4.3 million crashes involved property damage only. In the year 2000, the National Highway Traffic Safety administration (NHTSA) calculated the economic cost alone of motor vehicle crashes of $231 billion. Here are a few 2003 statistics: An average of 117 persons died each day in motor vehicle crashes—one every 12 minutes. Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for every age from 2 to 33 years old. Speeding is one of the most prevalent factors contributing to traffic crashes. Speeding was a contributing factor in 31 percent of all fatal crashes, and 13,380 lives were lost in speeding-related crashes. Older people made up 12 percent of all traffic fatalities and 16 percent of all pedestrian fatalities. 70,000 pedestrians were injured and 4,749 were killed in traffic crashes in the US, representing 2 percent of all of the people injured in traffic crashes and 11 percent of all fatalities. ITE staff recommends that ITE International Board of Direction (IBOD) consider adopting the following subtopic areas within the Safety Mega Issue: 1. Intersection Safety a. Traffic Control i. Signalized 1. Red Light Running/Automated Enforcement ii. Unsignalized iii. Roundabouts iv. Highway-Rail Grade Crossings, b. Data, i. Accident Prediction ii. Countermeasures, c. Access Management, d. Geometric Design, e. Safety Audits, f. Technology/ITS/Intersection Collision Avoidance Systems; 2. Pedestrian Bicycle Safety; 3. Special User Safety a. Older Drivers/Pedestrians, b. ADA/Accessibility/Safety, c. Schools; 4. Speed Management a. All levels, Arterials, b. Aggressive Driving, c. Residential Traffic Calming.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Web
  • Features: Appendices; Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 32p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01042395
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 12 2007 3:03PM