An Institutional Analysis of Transit Fare Integration

Transit fare integration is an essential element to creating an effective, seamless public transportation network. Actually integrating transit fare systems, however, can often be rather difficult to achieve. This essay posits that the major barriers to such integration are not technological, but institutional and examines two case studies to understand likely areas of impediment and possible solutions. Specifically, this research examines and compares the current fare integration programs in the San Francisco Bay Area on the west coast of the United States and in the Porto Metropolitan Area on the west coast of Portugal. Lessons learned include: fare integration is a revolution in transit practice which must overcome significant institutional inertia; incrementalism in introducing such policies appears to be more effective than “big bang” implementations; individual project champions are critical to advancing fare integration programs; transit operators with a regional purview are more likely to support integration; transit agencies need to be highly invested in the initiation of such plans; structures of agency accountability can affect agency action for or against fare integration; and, finally, transit operators defend their farebox receipts therefore effective integration programs will need to anticipate the need for alternative funding to ease the transition for transit agencies.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: CD-ROM
  • Features: References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 27p
  • Monograph Title: TRB 86th Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers CD-ROM

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01047582
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 07-3471
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Feb 8 2007 8:09PM