Assessment of Roadway Crash Morbidity and Mortality Trends in Al-Ain County, United Arab Emirates

The research presented here aims to determine the prevalence of morbidity and mortality from motor vehicles crashes (MVCs) in developing countries through a case study of Al-Ain district or county in United Arab Emirates (UAE). This paper addresses the high rates of serious MVCs that have been reported in the UAE in recent years and identify factors that contributes to such crashes. The data source was Al-Ain Traffic Police reports on MVCs deaths and injuries, during January-December 2005. The analysis showed that out of total MVCs which took place in Al-Ain district during 2005, rollovers constituted 21%, side angle collisions 17% and collisions with fixed objects were 15.3%. Most injury MVCs (24%) took place at residential areas, 23% at highways and 21% at the commercial center. Minor injuries constituted 16%, moderate injury 61%, serious injury 10% and fatal injuries 13%. 71% of casualties were evacuated by Police Ambulance. Reported seatbelt use among casualties was only 3%. Sudden diversion, inexperience and tire burst were the main MVC causes according to Police records. Most crashes (52%) occurred during the rush hours and midnight. The mean casualties’ age was 31 years; and mostly males (97%). Although UAE citizens make around 20% of UAE populations, national casualties constituted 39% followed by Pakistanis (20%) and Indians (10%). The results confirmed an increasing trend in MVCs as one of the main causes of premature death, injury and disability in the UAE. More active intervention and enforcement are needed to control the problem.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: CD-ROM
  • Features: Figures; References;
  • Pagination: 10p
  • Monograph Title: TRB 86th Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers CD-ROM

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01044794
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 07-3310
  • Files: BTRIS, TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Feb 8 2007 8:00PM