Measuring Control Delay Using Second-by-Second GPS Speed Data

High-resolution vehicle speed profiles obtained from sophisticated devices such as global positioning system (GPS) receivers provide an opportunity to accurately measure intersection delay, composed of deceleration delay, stopped delay, and acceleration delay. Although the delay components can be measured by manually examining the speed profiles or derived time-space diagrams, identifying when vehicles begin to decelerate or stop accelerating is not always a straightforward task. In addition, a manual identification process may be laborious and time-consuming when handling a large network or numerous runs. More importantly, the results from a manual process may not be consistent between analysts or even for a single analyst over time. This paper proposes a new approach to identifying control delay components based on second-by-second vehicle speed profiles obtained from GPS devices. The proposed approach utilizes both de-noised speed and acceleration profiles for capturing critical points associated with each delay component. Speed profiles are used for the identification of stopped time periods, and acceleration profiles are used for detecting deceleration onset points and acceleration ending points. The authors applied this methodology to sampled runs collected from GPS-equipped instrumented vehicles and concluded that it satisfactorily computed delay components under normal traffic conditions.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: CD-ROM
  • Features: Figures; References;
  • Pagination: 17p
  • Monograph Title: TRB 86th Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers CD-ROM

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01049542
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 07-2693
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Feb 8 2007 7:24PM