Specification and Estimation of a Spatially and Temporally Autocorrelated Seemingly Unrelated Regression Model: Application to Crash Rates in China

In transportation studies, variables of interest are often influenced by similar factors and have correlated latent terms (errors). In such cases, a seemingly unrelated regression (SUR) model is normally used. However, most studies ignore the potential temporal and spatial autocorrelations across observations, which may lead to inaccurate conclusions. In contrast, the SUR model proposed in this study also considers the spatial and temporal correlations across observations, making the model more behaviorally convincing and applicable to circumstances where a three-dimensional correlation exists, across time, space and equations. An example of crash rates in Chinese cities is used. The results show that incorporation of spatial and temporal effects significantly improves the model. Moreover, investment in transportation infrastructure is estimated to have statistically significant effects on reducing severe crash rates, but with an elasticity of only -0.078. It is also observed that though vehicle ownership is associated with higher crash per capita rates, elasticities for severe and non-severe crashes are just 0.13 and 0.18 respectively; much lower than one. The techniques illustrated in this study should contribute to future studies requiring multiple equations in the presence of temporal and spatial effects.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: CD-ROM
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 19p
  • Monograph Title: TRB 86th Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers CD-ROM

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01043521
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 07-0668
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Feb 8 2007 5:15PM