Characterization of Service Time and Traffic Impact of Parking Control Equipment in a University Environment

Parking is one of the most emotional issues on university campuses, second perhaps only to final grades. It demands a lot of attention as an ongoing problem on most campuses across the country. The use of parking management to organize and distribute vehicles is currently a well-accepted practice; however, there is a need for the equally important practice of providing fast access to parking lots with the least inconvenience to all patrons. Most universities implement policies to help manage parking demand, and the majority of these universities regulate on-campus parking with permits. However, in selecting specific equipment to control a parking lot, universities must rely on manufacturer input, which rarely involves field performance experiences and the impact of the implementation of these technologies. The implementation of an access control system in a parking lot effectively solves the problem of parking violations. However, it also requires cars to slow down or stop as they enter the lot, creating additional delays and negative traffic impacts on the surrounding streets. This paper reports the results of a field evaluation of card reader, digital keypad, and automatic vehicle identification (AVI) technology, characterizes the service rates associated with the various technologies, and conducts a modeling study of the queuing associated with each of the technologies on prototype parking lots.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: CD-ROM
  • Features: Figures; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 18p
  • Monograph Title: TRB 86th Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers CD-ROM

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01049365
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 07-0508
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Feb 8 2007 5:05PM