Equity Impacts of Transportation Improvements on Core and Peripheral Cities

Equity is concerned with the spatial distribution of income and resources and is inevitably linked to concepts of fairness and social justice. This paper investigates the hypothesis that transportation improvements can generate tangible welfare economic benefits, such as wage convergence between core and periphery. Specifically, this paper aims to asses the impact of travel-time reduction on the improvement of economic equity among core and peripheral cities. The methodology applied in the study was to estimate both aggregated regression models and discrete choice models in an attempt to identify key variables affecting workplace choice decisions. Data used in the analysis was extracted from the 1995 Israel Census. The study estimates the effect of the main explanatory variables used in the model (travel time, wage differentials and employment ratio) for the specific case of southern cities in Israel. A simple example is presented to illustrate the wage convergence between poor southern towns (Greater Beer-Sheva Region) and affluent core cities (Tel-Aviv Metropolitan Area) as a function of travel time reduction.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: CD-ROM
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 18p
  • Monograph Title: TRB 86th Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers CD-ROM

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01044582
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 07-0486
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Feb 8 2007 5:04PM