Analysis of Survey Data on Situation Awareness of Helicopter Pilots: Case of Helicopter Accidents in South Korea

According to the U.S. National Transportation Safety Board, from 1989 to 1992, situation awareness (SA) was a major factor causing 80% of all aircraft accidents in scheduled airlines. Therefore, the prevention of accidents through effective training in SA became a pivot in aviation safety. During the past 10 years, since all helicopter accidents in South Korea were caused by factors related to SA, an appropriate countermeasure was required. A study used survey data to examine various factors related to SA that could affect helicopter pilots. Recognition of and countermeasures for those factors in emergency situations were analyzed. The results show that although factors associated with SA and vigilance have lower correlations with each other, factors associated with recognition, diagnosis, and generation and implementation of solutions have higher correlations with each other. Thus, the results demonstrate the need for better SA through educational training. Also, there were no significant differences among factors related to proficiency, procedure, acquaintance, anticipation, and comprehension between instructor pilots and copilots. However, there were significant differences regarding mentality, position information, experience, and preparation. These results highlight the differences between instructor pilots and copilots derived from the acquisition of knowledge and flying experience.

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01052204
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 9780309104333
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Feb 8 2007 4:54PM