POLICY PREFERENCES FOR CONSERVATION OF TRANSPORTATION ENERGY IN CASE OF FUEL SHORTAGE

The attitude and behavior of travelers during the oil embargo of the winter of 1973-1974 were analyzed. Immediately after the embargo period, of 10 possible transportation-related energy-conservation policy actions were mailed to 2323 households in regions of Iowa that did not contain a city of 50,000 or more population. Tabular analysis of the date indicated that respondents overwhelmingly favored policies of uniform speed regulation and voluntary participation and were strongly opposed to increased prices as a conservation policy. Analysis of the data by means of paired-comparison scales indicated that the aggregate sample was more concerned about the degree of constraint and its effect on life-styles than about the type of conservation policy (pricing versus rationing). Young adults favored severe rationing or severe price increases less than other groups. Persons earning high incomes favored voluntary participation more than speed-limit regulation, and low-and middle-income groups felt the opposite. Regions with few high-speed highways favored the 88.5-km/h (55-mph) speed limit significantly more than did other areas. Public acceptance of any future transportation-related energy policy appears to be strongly related to the perceived distribution of available transportation options. /Author/

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; Maps; References;
  • Pagination: pp 42-48
  • Monograph Title: Environmental and conservation concerns in transportation: energy, noise, and air quality
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00183515
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309026776
  • Report/Paper Numbers: HS-024 285
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Dec 12 1978 12:00AM