The new couples are divided into two operating types: high temperature molten light metal/sulphur systems using solid electrolyte, typically b-alumina; and, ambient temperature types using zinc against nickel oxide, lead oxide, halogen, typically chlorine, the latter stored as chlorine hydrate. Iron air is also a promising contender, but like the others is years away from commercial availability. Various properties of these couples are discussed in relation to their use for vehicle propulsion. Lead batteries cover the vast majority of urban vehicle usage and many developments are in this pipeline as well. USA, Japan, UK and Germany produce batteries ranging from 40 to 60 wh per kg with cycle life claims up to 2000. Independent developments in Australia show two distinct directions to the same order of improvement. Combinations of these developments lead to an optimistic view of future electric propulsion by a wide range of battery systems. /Author/TRRL/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Electric Transport Conference, 1977. Papers and Proceedings.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Australian Government Publishing Service

    P.O. Box 84
    Canberra, A.C.T. 2600,   Australia 
  • Authors:
    • Howlett, J C
  • Conference:
  • Publication Date: 1978

Media Info

  • Pagination: p. 213-219

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00183476
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS, ATRI
  • Created Date: Dec 29 1978 12:00AM