The subject of this paper is the competition between air transport and other means of transport for passenger traffic in Europe, and as such is concerned with just one aspect of the European intercity transport study carried out between 1973 and 1976 jointly by the OECD, the ECMT and the EEC, with the direct participation of 12 European governments. The author explains that the data used in his paper are derived from the European study, and indicates that the principal modes of transport which compete with air for passenger trips within Europe are car, train and bus. Other modes are considered to account for less than 2 per cent of long distance trips, equally divided between goods vehicles and motorcycles, and they are not discussed in this paper. Information is provided on the use of ferries, but only as links in the road and rail networks. The paper is arranged in four parts. First, there is an analysis of the competitive features of travel by air, rail, bus and car. The importance of these competitive features is shown to depend on the needs and preferences of travellers, which are reviewed in the second part. The resulting modal split in Europe is then described, with the aid of data collected in 1974 and earlier. Finally there is a discussion of the possible impact of future developments on the volume of long-distance travel and its distribution between the competing modes.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Royal Aeronautical Society

    4 Hamilton Place
    London S1V 0BQ,   England 
  • Authors:
    • Thomson, J M
  • Publication Date: 1978-4


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 139-147
  • Serial:
    • Aeronautical Journal
    • Volume: 82
    • Issue Number: 808
    • Publisher: Royal Aeronautical Society
    • ISSN: 0001-9240

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00183317
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 3 1978 12:00AM