This article discusses what means are available to reduce the human toll and the emotional and material losses that road accidents cause in a community. It is noted that although annual inspection of all vehicles is advocated, it appears that only a very small percentage of accidents will be avoided this way. It is also assumed that raising the penalties will diminish the incidence of the particular offense at no costs to the government. However, the reason that increased penalties will not work is that the motorist's decision to commit a traffic offense is based on one's knowledge of both the penalty and the risk of detection. Although, alcohol is widely recognized as the largest single factor in road accidents, there is a distinguishable social subgroup that is overrepresented in road accidents. Any serious attack on the road-accident problem needs to recognize that one is not dealing with an average cross section of the community. Three suggestions are presented: Road safety campaigns should include components directed specifically to groups overrepresented in the accident statistics; prevention of alcoholism and rehabilitation of alcoholics should be emphasized; and, engineering oriented measures should be directed towards reducing the effects of accidents since some people are victims looking for suitable accident sites.

Media Info

  • Features: Photos;
  • Pagination: p. 8-9
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00180439
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Oct 12 1978 12:00AM