A REVIEW OF URBAN LAND USE MODELS

Standard transport planning procedures developed in the United States of America have been used to estimate travel demands within transport studies in Indian metropolitan areas. This has led to an awareness of land use - transport planning models which attempt to minimize travel demands through manipulation of land use patterns. The author reviews urban land use models which have been developed in many countries, and in particular discusses activity or operational allocation models where future development is estimated relative to a set of zones within the region. The models are classified and examined as follows: (1) trend models, which project the location of activities within a region by calibrating a model to base year information, and using the model to predict the change in activities between the base and horizon year in each zone given some exogenously prepared estimates of the future urban activities. (2) equilibrium models, which predict the activity locations of a set of inter-related urban activities at some point in time, given information about the locations of at least one set of the activities. (3) land use design models, which allocate activities to zones in an urban area so as to optimize a given objective function. This examination established a number of criteria for identifying the type of model that would be most useful for land use-transport planning analyses of urban areas and regions in India. The author discusses these criteria, and the resulting selection of the Lowry model for development for application in India. This model is described, an important feature of which is considered to be its ability to estimate distributions of population and employment, and the associated travel demands. /TRRL/

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Indian Roads Congress

    Jamnagar House, Shahjahan Road
    New Delhi,   India  110 011
  • Authors:
    • SARNA, A C
  • Publication Date: 1977-6

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 9-16
  • Serial:
    • Indian Highways
    • Volume: 5
    • Issue Number: 6
    • Publisher: Indian Roads Congress
    • ISSN: 0376-7256

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00180019
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 27 1981 12:00AM