STUDY OF INJURIES TO VEHICLE OCCUPANTS. A FOLKSAM STUDY OF THE INTERIOR SAFETY OF CARS

This study of accidents was intended to provide data for car manufacturers. Analysis of 26 driver fatalities showed that head injuries caused death in 11 cases, ruptured aorta in 7, injury to cervical vertebrae in 4, and internal injuries in 5. Most fatal injuries were caused by ejection or by the steering apparatus. The risk of serious or fatal injury to the front passenger is twice that for the driver. Only 27% of those wearing safety belts were seriously injured or killed. Head injuries were most common for both drivers and passengers, 50% and 60% respectively. 25% of front passengers and 18% of drivers had neck/throat injuries. Arm injuries were sustained by 29% drivers and 35% front passengers. Knee injuries were sustained by 32% and 34% respectively. The following improvements are clearly essential: (1) instrument panel in front of passenger must be padded to prevent impact with windscreen and to slow down rotation of head, (2) steering wheel and instrument panel for driver must be made energy absorbing, (3) safety belt warning systems must be standard to ensure that these are used, (4) roofs and locks must be improved, to lessen injuries caused by roll-over accidents, (5) opening of doors must be prevented. /TRRL/

  • Corporate Authors:

    Folksam/Bil

    Fack
    Stockholm 20,   Sweden 
  • Publication Date: 1973-3

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; Tables;
  • Pagination: n.p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00184395
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Monograph
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Jan 13 1979 12:00AM