The historical aspects of oil pollution in the sea are discussed. During routing operations, oil tankers release 530,000 metric tons of oil, other ships contribute 500,000 metric tons, normal offshore operations 100,000 metric tons, and accidental spills 200,000 metric TPY. Oil pollution from handling losses at oil terminals and offshore drilling, production, and refining is discussed. Postmortem studies of oiled auks revealed loss of subcutaneous and visceral fats; the organs most affected were the intestines, respiratory tract, and kidneys. No highly pathogenic organisms were isolated from the gut contents. It appears that toxicity increases from parafins, naphthenes, and olefins to the aromatics. Within each series of hydrocarbons, the smaller molecules are more toxic than the larger. Chronic oil pollution and successive oil spillages as well as the effects of single oil spills are discussed. Various oil spill treatments and their effects are considered. Cleaning of sandy and muddy shores with dispersants is evaluated. Also considered are the effects of oil pollution and resultant cleaning on the fisheries.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Academic Press Incorporated

    Berkeley Square House, Berkeley Square
    London W1,   England 
  • Authors:
    • Cowell, E B
  • Publication Date: 1976

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: p. 353-401

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00183188
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Data Courier, Incorporated
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 31 1978 12:00AM