AN EVALUATION OF ADVANCED BRIDGE DISPLAYS FOR DESIGN STANDARDIZATION
Ship operators are selectively installing a wide variety of advanced bridge equipment, primarily to automate the functional areas of collision avoidance and navigation. While the installation of these equipments has resulted in proven gains in the area of safety, the variety of equipments and lack of standardization have created crew training and safety problems. As equipment manufacturers address themselves to ship control displays for use in restricted or pilot waters, similar problems will potentially develop. The Maritime Administration has undertaken a program addressing the development of a "standardized bridge" as an attempt to resolve the proliferation of diverse ship control displays and their attendant adverse effects on maritime safety. Phase I of the program collected data at sea to define deck officer information requirements and the utilization of automated bridge systems. This paper addresses some of the results of Phase II of the program, which included simulator evaluation of alternate ship control displays as applied to pilotage and navigation in three New York Harbor areas. Subjects were licensed pilots and ship masters. Displays evaluated included: collision avoidance radar, predictor steering, transponder information, and computer-generated navigation aids superimposed over radar. From the analysis of an encompassing array of measures ranging from ship control stability to display usage behaviors, significant differences were found across displays. Of particular significance were gains in ship control performance by pilots when they used a combined predictor steering and collision avoidance display. Pilots who are licensed for the simulated area, but who usually work in another area demonstrated an even greater benefit with the addition of selected chart data on the same display.
- Proceedings Fifth Ship Control Systems Symposium, David W. Taylor Naval Ship Research and Development Center, Annapolis, Maryland, October 30-November 3, 1978, Volume 3.
David Taylor Naval Ship R&D CenterBethesda, MD United States 20084
- Pesch, A J
- Cooper, R B
- Logan, K P
- Rinehart, V
- Publication Date: 1978
- Features: References;
- Pagination: 14 p.
- TRT Terms: Automatic vessel control; Automation; Bridge design; Bridges; Bridges (Ships); Control; Crash avoidance systems; Decks (Ships); Ergonomics; Human factors engineering; Human machine systems; Information display systems; Maneuvering; Naval architecture; Navigation computers; Personnel performance; Radar; Radar beacons; Radar beacons; Ship pilotage; Simulation; Standardization; Structural design
- Old TRIS Terms: Automatic bridge systems; Bridge automation; Computer aided navigation; Human performance; Man machine communications; Restricted water operation; Simulated bridge control; Standardized bridge systems; Wheelhouse design
- Subject Areas: Bridges and other structures; Marine Transportation; Operations and Traffic Management; Safety and Human Factors; Vehicles and Equipment;
- Accession Number: 00187969
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: David Taylor Naval Ship R&D Center
- Report/Paper Numbers: Proceeding
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Feb 3 1979 12:00AM