A STRUCTURED APPROACH TO MAN/MACHINE INTERFACE DESIGN FOR COMMAND AND CONTROL OF SHIPS' MACHINERY
The complex modern warship which must operate in multiple roles and configuration in high risk situations, requires the design of the Man/Machine Interfaces to be concurrent with and given equal weighting to other aspects of its design. The system is so complex that the use of a structured approach to the design of the MMIs for the command and control system for its machinery is essential. To meet the requirement for a structured approach to the process of MMI design, an algorithmic method is described. The algorithm used is not a true mathematical computational method but is a systematic approach whereby the MMI requirements are defined in a number of prearranged steps. A series of iterations through these steps is required as the MMI design is refined from the initial requirements to the detailed specifications, each step answering a specific MMI design problem. Three basic design stages are identified between an initial design scenario and working up a design using mock-ups. These consider control spaces within the ship, control consoles within control spaces and panel designs for control consoles. Part of the designer's task is to evaluate the cost and effectiveness of his design. A method of assessment is outlined which is compatible with the structured design approach. Having designed a set of MMI options and carried out a cost and effectiveness analysis of them, the next stage in the design process is to evaluate them on a mock-up and resolve the remaining ergonomic problems by this means. The algorithmic method proposed in this paper is a method of obtaining logically designed MMIs of high effectiveness.
- Proceedings Fifth Ship Control Systems Symposium, David W. Taylor Naval Ship Research and Development Center, Annapolis, Maryland, October 30-November 3, 1978, Volume 4.
David Taylor Naval Ship R&D CenterBethesda, MD USA 20084
- Steinhausen, JLP
- Orton, J N
- Smalley, JPA
- Publication Date: 1978
- Pagination: 16 p.
- TRT Terms: Control consoles; Control systems; Cost effectiveness; Human factors engineering; Human machine systems; Machinery; Manning requirements; Monitoring; Propulsion; Vehicle power plants
- Old TRIS Terms: Control systems design; Man machine communications; Propulsion machinery controls
- Subject Areas: Marine Transportation; Safety and Human Factors; Vehicles and Equipment;
- Accession Number: 00187955
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: David Taylor Naval Ship R&D Center
- Report/Paper Numbers: Proceeding
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Feb 3 1979 12:00AM