A systems study is reported concerning the application of mechanically refuelable, metal--air batteries to electric vehicle propulsion. The batteries are refueled by the addition of anode plates and water, while the reaction product is withdrawn to be recycled at fixed industrial sites. Aluminum is most attractive for this application because of the large domestic industry expected in the 1980's. Battery performance is projected from reported cell data for a hardware designed for rapid addition of electrodes. The reaction product is processed in the battery to form a purified, dry powder of trihydrated alumina--a feedstock of the current aluminum industry. For a 30-kW peak battery weighing 220 to 250 kg, ranges of 500 to 750 km are estimated for a one-ton vehicle. Costs of recycled aluminum and air-cathode modules comprise 85 percent of the total cost (ca 5 cents/km) of battery ownership and operation. 7 figures, 5 tables. (ERA citation 03:050367)

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, 13th, San Diego, 20 August 1978.
  • Corporate Authors:

    University of California, Livermore

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
    Livermore, CA  United States  94550

    Lockheed Missiles and Space Company Incorporated

    3251 Hanover Street
    Palo Alto, CA  United States  94304

    Department of Energy

    1000 Independence Avenue, SW
    Washington, DC  United States  20585
  • Authors:
    • COOPER, J F
    • Littauer, E L
  • Publication Date: 1978-5-26

Media Info

  • Pagination: 8 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00186824
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: CONF-780801-8, SAC 789283
  • Contract Numbers: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 27 1979 12:00AM