REMOTE SENSING FOR THE CONTROL OF MARINE POLLUTION. PRELIMINARY INVENTORY OF AVAILABLE TECHNOLOGIES.
TELEDETECTION APPLIQUEE A LA LUTTE CONTRE LA POLLUTION MARINE. PREMIER INVENTAIRE DES TECHNIQUES ET MOYENS
As regards damage to the marine environment, oil spills at sea are considered to be one of the main sources of pelagic pollution: at the present time, it is estimated that more than six million tons of hydrocarbons enter the marine environment as a result of shipping and certain coastal, industrial and urban activities, river-borne pollution, oil prospecting and mining at sea and, finally, natural seepage from certain sea bottoms. This pollution is mainly due to intentional discharge, i.e. the routine evacuation of hydrocarbon-carrying effluents, or to accidental discharge, as a result of damage to installations or ships. Because of the rapid development of techniques and the multiplicity of studies and research undertaken, particularly with a view to developing integrated remote detection systems to meet the overall requirements of users, it has been found desirable to take stock of present knowledge in this field (excluding satellites for the time being) so that the lines to be followed in the mentioned areas can be determined and assessed. This manual is a first inventory of available techniques, instrumentation, and research centers in the field of remote sensing of the marine environment for detection of pollution. Inclusion in this inventory of information from specific organizations or firms does not in any way imply approval or endorsement of the organizations or firms, or of particular equipment, by the CCMS, NATO, or the Alliance Nations.
- NATO furnished. Text in English and French.
NATO Committee on the Challenges of Modern SocietyBrussels, Belgium
- Massin, J M
- Publication Date: 1978-3
- Pagination: 343 p.
- TRT Terms: Aerial photography; Aircraft; Coasts; Color vision; Detectors; Electromagnetic spectrum; Hydrocarbons; Infrared detectors; Infrared radiation; Instrumentation; Light scattering; Manuals; Measuring instruments; Monitoring; Oceans; Oil spill cleanup; Oil spills; Optical detectors; Optical instruments; Photogrammetry; Radiometers; Radiometric analysis; Remote sensing; Water quality management; Weather
- Uncontrolled Terms: Monitors; Sources
- Old TRIS Terms: Infrared spectra; Instrumentation technology; Irradiance; Oil slicks; Oil spill detection; Oil spill monitoring; Pelagic zone; Radiance; Radiometric detection; Visible spectra
- Subject Areas: Aviation; Environment; Marine Transportation; Vehicles and Equipment;
- Accession Number: 00186713
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: NATO/CCMS-78
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Feb 27 1979 12:00AM