The objective of the program was to generate data on the kinematics and response of human surrogates in a realistic automobile impact environment. The program used a test configuration consisting of an idealized hard seat representation of a car seat with a three-point harness restraint system. Three different severity levels of crash test conditions were used. The human surrogates tested in this program were fifteen male cadavers, a Hybrid II (Part 572) Anthropomorphic Test Device and a Hybrid III ATD recently developed by GM. In addition, mathematical simulations of the response and kinematics of a 50th percentile male occupant were performed at the three levels of crash severity, using the MVMA Two-Dimensional Crash Victim Simulator. The utility of the data is for comparing the similarities and differences in response and kinematics of the various types of human surrogates and in pointing out areas that need improvement in both anthropomorphic test devices and mathematical models.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Sponsored in part by General Motors Research Labs., Warren, Michigan (Biomedical Sciences Division). Also available in set of 4 reports, PB-286150/SET.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Highway Safety Research Institute

    Huron Parkway and Baxter Road
    Ann Arbor, MI  United States  48109

    General Motors Corporation

    Research and Development Center, 30500 Mound Road
    Warren, MI  United States  48090
  • Authors:
    • Alem, N M
    • Melvin, J W
    • Bowman, B M
    • BENSON, J B
  • Publication Date: 1978-4-25

Media Info

  • Pagination: 122 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00186701
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: UM-HSRI-77-39-1 Final Rpt.
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 27 1979 12:00AM