EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDY OF THE EFFECTS OF AUTOMOBILE TRAFFIC ON BLOOD LEAD LEVELS

The study investigated the absorption of lead by persons of different age-sex groups exposed to automobile emissions of lead at traffic densities from less than 1,000 cars per day to 25,000 cars per day. The relationships between traffic density and lead in various environmental samples were also examined. A house-to-house survey based on a strict set of selection criteria was used to recruit study participants. At each house a series of environmental measurements were taken: traffic volume, tap water, paint-interior and exterior, housedust and window sill wipes. Two blood samples were taken a week apart. In the range of traffic exposures studied no relationship with blood lead levels was observed (maximum mean air lead . 2.0 micrograms/cu m). A positive relationship between smoking and blood lead levels was found for both males and females. This relationship was statistically significant for females but not for males. (Portions of this document are not fully legible)

  • Corporate Authors:

    Southwest Research Institute

    6220 Culebra Road, P.O. Drawer 28510
    San Antonio, TX  United States  78228-0510

    Environmental Protection Agency

    Health Effects Research Laboratory
    Research Triangle Pk, NC  United States  27711
  • Authors:
    • JOHNSON, D E
    • Prevost, R J
    • Tillery, J B
    • Kimball, K T
    • Hosenfeld, J M
  • Publication Date: 1978-8

Media Info

  • Pagination: 385 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00186679
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: EPA/600/1-78/055
  • Contract Numbers: EPA-68-02-2227
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 27 1979 12:00AM